Technology Education Is Important for Achieving Sustainable Development


  • Maria Sundler KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Susanne Engström KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Annica Gullberg KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Helena Lennholm KTH Royal Institute of Technology


Technology education, Sustainable development, Technology content, Sustainable Development Goals


In 2015 all 193 United Nations Member States agreed on 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with the purpose to end poverty, ensure prosperity, and protect the planet. Technology and sustainable development are intertwined. The term "double-edged sword" has often been used to describe technology, as it can be both helpful and harmful. But to what extent is technology significant for sustainable development and what content can technology education have in relation to sustainable development? This study examines what technology content can be discerned in the sustainable development goals, SDGs, in order to detect possible content for technology education.

The 17 SDGs include 169 targets since every SDG are defined with "Outcome targets" and "means of implementation targets". All 169 SDGs targets were analyzed through content analysis. A category system was developed from the definition of technology by Rossouw (2010) and DiGironimos’s (2011)  to discern technology content in the SDGs. The results show that the achievement of each and every 17 Sustainable Development Goals in one way or another relies on our use of technology and our development of technology. Teaching with a sustainability perspective creates meaningful content for technology education, where current news and topics can be a starting point. Such teaching can provide students with necessary knowledge towards making well-grounded decisions based on facts, as both consumers and global citizens.

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How to Cite

Sundler, M., Engström, S., Gullberg, A., & Lennholm, H. (2023). Technology Education Is Important for Achieving Sustainable Development. The 40th International Pupils’ Attitudes Towards Technology Conference Proceedings 2023, 1(October). Retrieved from