Experiences in pedagogy of Design
Design teachers frame of reference about the concept of 'model”
Keywords:Keywords; STEM, Subject Research and Design (R&D), Concept, Model, Pedagogy of Design
The core of the Dutch Technasium secondary school course Research and Design curriculum (R&D is in Dutch called Onderzoeken en Ontwerpen O&O) is to involve students in real-life design (or research) problems with a problem owner at a company or organisation. Students explore the nature of the design problem, establish a design brief, explore possible solutions and work out one option into a design, a prototype or a product depending on the level of complexity. Students work and learn in teams coached by Technasium teachers. Some secondary school teachers are qualified to teach at Technasium if they obtain a certificate from the Technasium foundation through a number of short training courses. They are originally teachers in various subjects like mathematics, physics, physical exercise, language and so on. The other part of the teachers have a teaching degree in R&D next to a degree in engineering. Thanks to different backgrounds the teachers offer a variety of angles and know-how in different fields of expertise needed during a R&D activities. Such a composition is enriching and STEM supporting at the level of knowledge transfer. It is clear that some R&D teachers have no design pre-knowledge. A pilot survey of R&D students and teachers on the concept of model within design activities unexpectedly showed similar doses of confusion about the concept of model among students and teachers. Therefore when asked to teach a concept of model in design related activities teachers provided a different definition of concept. Often a physically built scale model or prototype is the form of model they recognize in designing. The danger of such an approach is that the students obtain very different, incomplete or incorrect knowledge about the concept of model in relation to design. Therefore the set of values and norms within the group of Technasium STEM teachers is needed, to establish a design related frame of reference.
Keywords; STEM, Subject Research and Design (R&D), Concept, Model, Pedagogy of Design
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Jeanna (Snjezana) de Haan -Topolscak, Pauline Vos-de Tombe , Merle Ebskamp
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content with no submission or publications fees. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a LicenceCreative Commons Attribution License that allows others to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of works in this journal. It also allows others to remix, adapt and build upon the work, as long as credit is given to the author(s).