Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Spark accepts contributions from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) undergraduates and recent graduates in Education Studies, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines. Both staff and students may suggest pieces of undergraduate work for publication in Spark.


Current LJMU Education Studies and Early Childhood Studies students wishing to submit need to register for SPARK in order to upload an article for consideration, see Online Submission 



Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Spark Editorial team will apply a soft edit to submissions checking for spelling and grammatical errors, consistency with referencing and possible changes to sentence structure


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.


Notice and Takedown Policy

If you are a rights holder and are concerned that you have found material in LJMU Open Journals which infringes UK law, please contact us by emailing openjournals@ljmu.ac.uk, stating the following:


  1. Your contact details and the reason for the withdrawal request, some examples are:

    1. Unauthorised use by reason of reproduction and/or making available the material

    2. Breach of moral right of [paternity/integrity/right not to have my work subjected to derogatory treatment]

    3. Other complaints, e.g. defamation, breach of confidence, data protection

2. The full bibliographic details of the material and the full URL

3. Proof that you are the rights holder or are an authorised representative.



Upon receipt of notification the ‘Notice and Takedown’ procedure is then invoked as follows:


1. LJMU will acknowledge receipt of your complaint by email or letter and will make an initial assessment of the validity and plausibility of the complaint. We aim to acknowledge and assess the complaint within seven days of receipt.

2. Where grounds for complaint are plausible, the material will be temporarily removed from public view in LJMU Open Journals pending an agreed solution.

3. LJMU will contact the contributor who deposited the material, if relevant. The contributor will be notified that the material is subject to a complaint, under what allegations, and will be encouraged to assuage the complaints concerned.

4. The complainant and the contributor will be encouraged to resolve the issue swiftly and amicably and to the satisfaction of both parties, with the following possible outcomes:

  • The material is replaced on LJMU Open Journals unchanged.
  • The material is replaced on LJMU Open Journals with changes.
  • The material is permanently removed from LJMU Open Journals.

In some cases a metadata record will remain. This will be on a case by case basis.

5. If the contributor and the complainant are unable to agree a solution from receipt of notification, the material will remain unavailable through LJMU Open Journals until a time when a resolution has been reached. It may be necessary for us to seek legal advice before the complaint can be fully resolved.